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原创 搜狐名医 | 樊青霞: 为什么全球一半食管癌在中国?

chupin | souhujiankang

zuozhe | wushinan

bianji | yuanyue

yabo登录 qiufengqi,tianqizhujianzhuanliang。huoguo、chuanchuan、shaguomixian、niuroumian……yidaodaorelaladeyuhancan,jijiangbeiduanshangcanzhuo。xiangshourelameishi、chenrechidetongshi,nidexiaohuadaokenengyijing“shanghenleilei”le。shujuxianshi,yabodengluguomeinianxinfahesiwangdeshiguanaibinglizhanshijieyibanyishang,yiquanshijie1/5derenkouchengshouzhequanqiushiguanaifabing1/2dehuanzhe。shiguanaifabinghebuzhengquedeyinshixiguanxixixiangguan。

吃太烫、吃腌制食品,食管都“遭罪”

shuoqishiguanaidegaoweiyinsu,zhengzhoudaxuediyifushuyiyuanzhongliukezhurenyishifanqingxiajiaoshoushenyouganchu。weiyuhenandelinxianshiyabodengluguoshiguanaigaofadiqu,yinshiwentizailinxianfeichangtuchu。

yabo登录 zaidiaoyanguochengzhong,fanqingxiafaxian,70niandaihenanlinxianjumindeyinshixiguanjuyoulianggemingxiantedian:

吃太烫: yabo登录锅里边的玉米糁红薯稀饭、面条还是滚烫的,盛出来就蹲到路边上呼噜呼噜吃起来。

zheizhongyinshixiguanshishiguanaigaofaqudeyigefeichangzhongyaodeyinsu。guojiaizhengyanjiujigou(iarc)fabupinggubaogaocheng,zhangqiyinyong65℃yishangdeyinpin,kenengzengjialihuanshidaoaidefengxian,qiyuanyinzhuyaoshizaiyuwendu,erbushiyinpinbenshen。

吃腌制食品: yabo登录70年代因为经济条件不好,水源缺乏,种植新鲜蔬菜很少,林县居民吃的大多是腌制的咸菜、酸菜,很多人几乎吃不到新鲜水果和蔬菜。

yabo登录 acai、suancaidengdezhizuoguochengshijishangshiyigewurandeguocheng,zhangqicunfangyedaozhiyaxiaosuanyanhanliangbijiaogao。gaofaquzhuyaojizhongzaitaixingshanmaifujinquyu,jijinlinhenanshengjiedejigesheng,baokuohenan、hebei、shanxi、shandongtaian、shandongjining、shandongheze、anhui、jiangsusubeiquyu。zaigaofashanqudeyinshuizhong,yaxiaoanleihuahewuhanliangxianzhuzenggao,jiazhishiguanjubuzhangqishiguannianmodemanxinglihuaciji,junkeyinqishiguanjubushangpixibaozengsheng,yudangdishiguanaiheshiguanshangpizhongduzengshengdehuanbinglvchengzhengxiangguan。

因此,日常生活中,一日三餐切忌吃得过烫,吃得太快,吃得太硬。同时,要少吃咸鱼、咸肉、鱼露、虾酱等含有亚硝酸盐的腌制食品。

除了饮食习惯外,还有一个非常重要的因素,就是遗传因素,需要警惕。但食管癌不是遗传性疾病,它是一个带有遗传易感基因的疾病。樊青霞表示,在林县高发区的食管癌具有比较显著的家庭聚集现象。有时候可以看到一个家族里面几代人,或者三代或者是同一代好几个人得食管癌。

aiqianbingbianjiqitajibingyinsu、yingyangheweiliangyuansushanshizhongquefa,liangshibeimeijunwurandeng,yeshishiguanaifabingdeweixianyinsu。kejian,shiguanaibushidanyiyinsufabingde,shiyigeduoyinsu、duobuzhou、duojieduanfazhandejibing。

食管癌早期症状不明显,偶有异物感、烧灼感

zaiyabodengluguo,shiguanaidesiwanglvjuexingzhongliudedi4wei,keyishuoshiyigegaozhisilvdetefazhongliu,zheiheshiguanainanyizaoqifaxianyouhendaguanxi。

fanqingxiabiaoshi,shiguanaizaoqishimeiyoutaitebiezhengzhuangde,conglinchuangzhengzhuangshanghennanzuodaozaoqifaxian。

zaoqishiguanaihuanzhehuiouerjuedeyouyiwugan,youshaozhuogandeng,danmeiyouteyidezhengzhuang,huanzhejibenbuhuitaizaiyi。zheiheshiguanaidebingbiandejinzhanjinshizainianmoceng,meiyoudaojicengyouguanxi。shiguanzaixiaohuaxitongzhongshigeshiwudetongdao,shiwujinrushiguanyihou,shijingguoshiguandejiroushousuohou,bashiwutuisongxiaqujinruweili。ruguozhongliubingbianmeiyouqinfandaoshiguanjicengdehua,zijuezhengzhuangjiushibutaimingxiande。

daozhongqishi,huanzhehuiouerchuxiantunyankunnan,youyanxiabulideganjue,youshihouhaibanyouxiongbutengtong。

daohouqigengzuchengjinxingxingjiazhong,bijiaoyanzhongshijinnengchiliuzhiyinshi,youshituchubaisetoumingzhanye,chengzhangtiaozhuang。yekenengchuxianyuanchulinbajiehuozangqidezhuanyi,ruguodengchuxianzheimeyanzhongzhengzhuangshicaijingti,jiutaiwanle。

yinci,40suiyishangyoushiguanaigaoweiyinsuderen,chuxianyixiakeyizhengzhuangyeyaojingti。

  • 轻微的或偶尔的食物下咽梗噎感;
  • 与进食无关的食管内异物感;
  • 咽部干燥及颈部紧缩感;
  • 进食时在食管行经的某一部位有食物停滞感。

fanqingxiazhichu,xianzaiweijingdejianchabijiaopuji,buguangnengkandaoshiguan,yenengkankanwei,zuoweizaoqideshaichashihenyoubiyaode。shiguanaigaoweirenqun,ruyoujiazushide、45suiyishangshenghuozaishiguanaigaofadiqude、chuxianshidaokeyizhengzhuangderenqun、xishiguotangshiwu,jinshiguokuai,chouyanxujiudengyinshixiguanbuliangderendeng,keyitongguoweijingjianchalejiezijideshidaojiankangzhuangkuang。

声明: 该文观点仅代表作者本人,搜狐号系信息发布平台,搜狐仅提供信息存储空间yabo登录。
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