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是胜利的见证还是失败的佐证?库页岛上的乾隆石碑让人沉默

“haokandepinangqianpianyilv,youqudelinghunwanlitiaoyi。”qianlonghuangdiwuyijiushigeyouzhefengqulinghundediwang。zaiqishisuigaoshoushi,taxingzhibobodixiexia“qixuntianziguliudi,wudaisuncengyuyiren”zheifuduilian。ranerchurenyiliaodeshi,zheifuduilianhoulaiquerangrangzhongezhuanjiabiandechenmoqilai。

yi、 daqingdebantu

yabo登录zuoweizhongguofengjianlishishangzuihouyigedayitongwangchao,qingdaijiangyuguangkuo。taxiqibaerkashenhuyidongyinandepamiergaoyuan,jiezhongyaxiya;dongbinribenhai、bohai、huanghai、kuyedao、taiwanyijifujindaoyu;beidigeernuoaertai、sayanling、waixinganlingzhiehuocikehai;nanzhinanshaqundaodecengmuansha;xinandaximalayashanmai,baokuoladakede1300duowanpingfanggonglideludi,doucengshuyudaqing。

daqingbantudedongbeibu,shinvzhenrendeguxiang。huangtaijishiqi,heilongjiangyananzhiselenggehezuoanjiuyichuyudaqingdekongzhizhixia。zaishunzhididingdoubeijinghou,chaotingzairujindeliaoningshenyangshezhiliudou,tongxiadongbeidiqu。yuanzhiehuocikehaidekuyedao,bishitongyangchuzaiguanxiazhizhong。

er、zhongededongduanbianjie

dangdaqingjiaqiangduigutudongbeikongzhideshihou,buduandongkuodeeguoyeduizheipiantudihushidandan。shunzhiqinian(1650),shaezhengfujiupaiqianhabaluofu,dailingbaiyurenyongdapaokouxiangledongbeidedamen。tongnian,heilongjiangliuyudeyakesadiqujiushizhishangluorushaedekongzhi。

yabo登录shunzhishiwunian(1658),shaeyouzhanlinglenibuchu,bingyiciweijudianjiasuduizhoubiandiqucanshiqinzhan。qingtingbudebuchubingyingdui,ershaezhengfuyebingweiyinzheiyicishibaijiutingxiaqinlvedejiaobu。kangxinianjian,qingtingliangcichubing,zhizhibeishaezhanlingduoshideyakesa。zhanyizuizhongyiqingtingdahuoquanshengshouwei,shaebianyuqingtingqiandingle《zhongenibuchutiaoyue》(jiancheng《nibuchutiaoyue》)。

《nibuchutiaoyue》shizaishaezhanbaidejichushangqiandingde,danqingtingkaichudetiaojianquehenshiranglishae。gaitiaoyueshejiliangguodongduanbianjiehuafen、yuejieqinlvejitaofanchuli、shuangbianmaoyidengneirong。eranzhao《nibuchutiaoyue》guiding,zhongedongduanbianjieyieergunahe、geerbiqiheweijie,zaiyougeerbiqiheyuanshunwaixinganlingwangdongzhihai,lingnanshuyuzhongguo,lingbeishuyueguo。

yabo登录yongzhengwunian(1727),qingtingyushaeyouqiandingle《zhongebuliansiqijieyue》he《qiaketutiaoyue》,gengxinleliangguobianjie。xinbianjieyiqiaketuheeerhuaituzhijiandediyigeeboweiqidian,youcixiangdongzhieergunahe,xiangxizhishabinayilingyixianweijie。bianjieyibeishuyueguo,yinanshuyuzhongguo。

zikangxi、yongzhengliangchaoqingtingyushaeqiandingbianjietiaoyuehou,dongbeibianjiangbaiyunianmeiyoufashengdaguimojunshichongtu。ehuocikehaixibudekuyedao,cishiyijiushuyuzhongguo。

yabo登录danyigebuxuzhengbiandeshishishi,zheifenbainianpingjingshiqingtingyongheilongjiangshangyouselenggehedonganzhieergunahexian,yijiwudiheliuyudegongji23.2wanpingfanggonglitudihuanlaide。

yabo登录yitudi“huanheping”debanfa,zuizhonghaifashengzaikuyedao。

san、qianlongdeheshoushibei

xianfengbanian(1858),tongguozhonge《yuanhuntiaoyue》,heilongjiangzhiwaixinganlingjiandedapianbenshuyuzhongguodetudibeieguozhanling。liangnianhou,shiweizhongguozuidongduandekuyedaoyibeieguotongguo《beijingtiaoyue》huoqu。shuoshihua,zheiliangfentiaoyuedebupingdengxianeryijian,shichiluoluoduikangxi、yongzhengshidaidepanbo。

yabo登录yifenfenbupingdengtiaoyueyouruyibabahanlengdedaozi,zhongguogongyouyueyibaiwushiwanpingfanggonglidetudibeieguogezou。renmenbujintanxineigeshidaideruanruo,rangrentanxidehaiyouqingtingzaitudisangshishineizhonghaowulianxidetaidu。

yabo登录qingtinggerangjieguodetudi,duojuzhuzhexiangtuguannianjiaoweidanbodeduogeshaoshuminzu。youyuzhangqishou“putianzhixiamofeiwangtu”、“zhenjitianxia”、“tianchaoshangguo”dengguannianyingxiang,qingtingdeduiwaizhengcejiuduobiaoxianwei“rangyuhuanzhaoan”。kuyedaobushitianzisuojuzhichu,youweilinguosuoqiu,qingtingbianjiurucibataranglechuqu。shaechenmo,tashiyizhenqiexi。qingtingchenmo,tashiyizhonglengmo。

shangshijijiushiniandai,yipieguoxuezheqianwangkuyedaojinxingkaocha,jieguofaxianyizuohanzishibei。yinyuyanbutong,bianyuzhongfanglianluo。jieguoshuangfangdougandaojingya: “qixuntianziguliudi,wudaisuncengyuyiren”。zheizhengshiqianlongdangniandemingju。

qianlongxiexiacifuduilianshi,deyizhiqingyiyuyanbiao。nianguoqishidediwangzhiyouliuren,erqianlongzaiweishijianzuizhang。zaizheiliurenzhizhong,tashiweiyiyouwudaitongtangzhiren。

yabo登录weiqingheqigaoshou,qianlongxiexiazheifuduilianhou,beirenzaidangshilingtuzuidongduandekuyedaokeshishuli。

yabo登录yikuaiqianlonghuangdideyideduilian,yishikedexingshichuxianzaikuyedao,gouqilerenmencengjingdeganga。

yabo登录ziqingdaiyilai,zhongebianjiewenticengjingjirenmendailailexuduokunrao。suiranzaikuyedaofaxiandeqingheqianlongshouchenzhibeiyakouwuyan,danshitabeihouyinzangdewangshihuoxuqianlonghuangdiyixiangbudao。

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