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原创 枯藤老树昏鸦,小桥流水人家,简单的名词罗列为什么意蕴深长?

前言

kutenglaoshuhunya,xiaoqiaoliushuirenjia,zheijijuchuziyumazhiyuande《tianjingsha·qiusi》:

枯藤老树昏鸦,小桥流水人家,古道西风瘦马。夕阳西下,断肠人在天涯。

yabo登录zheizhongmingciluoliedexiucifangshi,zaigushicizhongchangchangjiandao,youzheqidutedeyiyun。

一、列锦

kutenglaoshuhunya,xiaoqiaoliushuirenjia,gudaoxifengshouma。lianxuchuxianle9gebutongdeyixiang(mingci),zheixiemiaoxiejingwudemingci,gurenchengweishici,juzhongmeiyouyongdongcidengxucilianjie。

zheizhongwanquandoushimingcipailiedexiucifangshiyougehaotingdemingzijiaozuo: liejin。

yabo登录yibanlaishuo,shijuzhongdaduoyoudongcihemingcizuheercheng。liruzhuweibinjiegou: jiashudiwanjin;huozhedongbinjiegou: xingdaoshuiqiongchu。

erliejinwanquantongguoyixiang(mingci)depailie,laibiaodazuozhedeqinggan。zheizhongfangshizengjialeduzhedexiangxiangkongjian,yincihuirangrenjuedeyijingyouyuan。

yabo登录weishenmehuizengjiaduzhedexiangxiangni?weishenmeduzhenenggouganshoudaozuozhedeqingganni?

二、一切景语皆情语

wangguoweizairenjiancihuazhong,shuoguozheiyangyiduanhua:

昔人论诗词,有景语、情语之别,不知一切景语,皆情语也。 《人间词话删稿》

yabo登录beixi、huanchou、kuxiaodoushiqingyu,shirenwangwangzaishijuzhong,jiaruyixiedongci,yongyizhijiedebiaodazuozhedeqinggan。

lirudumude《tixuanzhoukaiyuansishuige》: niaoquniaolaishanseli,rengerenkushuishengzhong。

yourudufude《chunwang》: ganshihuajianlei,henbieniaojingxin。

danshixiang“kutenglaoshuhunya”zheileijingyuyekeyibiaodachuqinggan。zuozheshitongguoyixiangdexuanze,yijidaibiaozheixieyixiangdeciyulaitixiande。

yabo登录teng,shikude;shu,shilaode;ya,shihunde;feng,shixifeng;daoshigudao;mashishouma。shirenyanzhongdejingwuzhendeshiku、lao、hun、shouma?

weibi。

kutengdekushixiushici,tengshizhongxinci,xuanzeshenmeyangdexiushici,hennengshuomingzuozhedexinjing。jiurutongyigehuajia,takeyibatenghuadezhiyefanmao、qingcongmeili,yekeyihuadekushouganbie。

yabo登录jiaruzheishouyuanqu,yabodenglubameigeyixiangdexiushiyuhuanyixia,jiubianchenglelingwaiyizhongganshou:

青藤绿树雏鸦,小桥流水人家,紫陌春风宝马。

gudaoxifengshouma,gaiweizimochunfengbaoma。yinweixiushiyudegaibian,xiangtongdeyixiang,juyoubutongqinggan,fanyinglezuozhebutongdexinjing。

yabo登录chulexiushiyudebianhuazhiwai,qishishirenguanyuyixiangbenshendexuanze,yeshiyouyierwei。liruzhongxinyudexuanze,xuanzemaerbushiche,xuanzeyangerbushiyue,xuanzeqiaoerbushizhou。douyoubutongdexiaoguo。

三、列锦的名作

yabo登录mazhiyuandangranbushidiyigeshiyongmingcipailiezuhedeshiren。chulemazhiyuandezheishoutianjingshayiwai,tadeqianbeishirenmenchuanshilehenduoshiyongliejindemingzuo。

liruwantangshirenwentingyunde《shangshanzaoxing》:

晨起动征铎,客行悲故乡。鸡声茅店月,人迹板桥霜。槲叶落山路,枳花明驿墙。因思杜陵梦,凫雁满回塘。

yabo登录hanlianjiushiliejin: jishengmaodianyue,renjibanqiaoshuang。erjinglianshiyonglelianggedongci: luo、ming:

槲叶【落】山路,枳花【明】驿墙。

yabo登录qishijinglianyekeyiyongliejindefangshi,lirugaiyixia:

槲叶【秋】山路,枳花【孤】驿墙。

buguo,shirenzuoshideshihou,yidingyaozhuyihanlianhejinglianjiegoushangdebianhua,bukeleitong,yincijinglianzuolediaozheng。

yabodengluzaitangsongshicizhong,jingchangkeyikandaoliejindejiaju,wuyanjuru:

腊月雷州雨,秋风桂岭花。杨衡 《送人流雷州》
落叶他乡树,寒灯独夜人。马戴《灞上秋居》
乱山残雪夜,孤烛异乡人。崔涂《巴山道中除夜书怀》
空山朱戟影,寒碛铁衣声。于鹄 《出塞》

qiyanshijuru:

楼船夜雪瓜洲渡,铁马秋风大散关。陆游《书愤》

chulemazhiyuandezuopin,yuanqudajiabaipoyeyou《tianjingsha》sishou,fenbieyongchunxiaqiudong,qizhongchunciyuqiuciyeshizheizhongfengge:

春山暖日和风,阑干楼阁帘栊,杨柳秋千院中。啼莺舞燕,小桥流水飞红。
孤村落日残霞,轻烟老树寒鸦。一点飞鸿影下,青山绿水,白草红叶黄花。

baipozheiliangshoujihumeijudouyongliejindexiucifangshi,youruzhankaileyifufuchun、qiujijiedejingse,tongshiyefanyinglezuozheyouxiandexintai,zheigemazhiyuanduanchangrendexinjingwanquanbuyiyang。

结束语

laojieganjue,liejinzuidadetedian,shibudongshengsezhizhong,weiyabodengluzhanshileyifuhuamian,jiangzuozhedexinliganshouchuanjileduzhe。

qingdaixuezhewuqiaozai《weilushihua》zhongpingjiahanhongde《hanshi》shishuo:

“tangzhiwangguo,youyuhuanguanwobing,shidaizongshouzhiyibing。cishizaidezongjianzhongchu,zhi‘wuhou’erzijianyi,tangshizhitongyuchunqiuye。”

yabo登录qingyansanruwuhoujia,wuhouerziyouchunqiubifa,zheijiushishirenduiyuyixiangdexuanze。

yabo登录liejin,yeshitongguobutongdexianxiangxuanze,laibiaodazuozhedeqinggan。yinweishiwenzierbushituhua,suoyiyoujileduzhechongfendexiangxiangkongjian。

@laojieweidao

qingyansanruwuhoujia,hanhongde《hanshi》xiangbiaodashenme,shifengcihuanguanma?

yabo登录gelvshichuangzuoshi,yaozhuyijuzidebianhua,yijijiandanjuhefuzajudehelidapei

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